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prolate, v.



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prolate, v.

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Frequency (in current use): 

Origin: A borrowing from Latin. Etymons: Latin prōlāt-, prōferre.

Etymology:

< classical Latin

prōlāt-

, past participial stem (see

-ate suffix3

) of

prōferre

to bring forth, to produce, to utter, pronounce, to prolong, extend <

prō-  pro- prefix1  

+

ferre  

to carry (see

bear v.1

). Compare

prolate adj.

With use in Vedic recitation (compare quot.

1885 at sense 1

, etc.) compare Sanskrit

plu-  

to lengthen, prolate, lit. ‘to float, overflow’ (see

flow v.

).

 

N.E.D.

(

1908

) indicates only a pronunciation with stress on the second syllable.

(Show Less)

 1. trans. To utter or pronounce, esp. at length or (with reference to speech) in a verbose manner; (sometimes) spec. to lengthen or prolong the utterance of (a word, syllable, note, etc.).

1542   T. Becon Newe Pathway vnto Praier xxxiii. sig. Oij,

   The wordes of S. Iohn Chrisostome, which..condemne the vnfruytefull bablynge & vayne ianglynge of wordes vaynly & causles

prolated

.

1601   J. Deacon & J. Walker Summarie Answere to Darel 63

   [A] bare commanding word,

prolated

and vttered abroad in the ayre with a vanishing sound.

1631   B. Jonson New Inne iii. i. 166   Peck

. I wish he may be found'red.

Fly

. Foun-de-red.

Prolate

it right.

1640   J. Howell Δενδρολογια 12

   The other delights in long breathed accents, which he

prolates

with such pauses, that before he be at a period of his sentence, one may reach a second thought.

1779   J. S. Smith Coll. Eng. Songs Pref. p. v,

   A Tenor or low Voice is

prolating

the Ground or plain Song.

1796   J. B. Gilchrist Gram. Hindoostanee Lang. i. 34

   He can also apply what is observed here to several other letters..by

prolating

them like our

d

in

dull

, and

gh

in

ghost

.

1885   M. Monier-Williams Relig. Thought India (ed. 2) xx. 529

   He prefaced his speech by repeating a hymn to Varuna..preceded by the syllable Om..

prolating

the vowel in deep sonorous tones.

1959   Bull. School Oriental & Afr. Stud. 22 515

   Slight traces of tonal difference remained. This was particularly at the final of a half-verse..which, in the third repetition of the first verse, was

prolated

.

2002   Asian Week (Nexis) 4 Sept. 22

   San Francisco native Tony Robles' series of odes..found resonance, especially when

prolated

in Robles' perfect, dry pitch.

1542—2002(Hide quotations)

2. trans. Theol. To bring (God the Son, or (occas.) the created world) into being as the Word of God. Cf. prolated adj. 2. Obs.

1727   J. Alexander Primitive Doctr. Christ's Divinity iii. 36

   The Father of all..ought not to be number'd with the other Æons: He that was not

prolated

, and self-existent, with those that were

prolated

, and begotten in time.

1873   A. Lamson Church of First Three Cent. 301

   The Son..had a sort of metaphysical existence in the Father..but was either a little before the creation of the world, or, without reference to time,

thrown out

, or

prolated

, as it was expressed, and so became..a real being.

1889   J. Kaye tr. Justin Martyr First Apol. ii. 43

   And this Product being truly

prolated

by the Father was one with the Father before all created things.

1727—1889(Hide quotations)

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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, June 2007).

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