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Origin: A borrowing from Latin. Etymons: Latin prōlāt-, prōferre.
< classical Latinprōlāt-
, past participial stem (see-ate suffix3
to bring forth, to produce, to utter, pronounce, to prolong, extend <prō- pro- prefix1
to carry (seebear v.1
). Compareprolate adj.
With use in Vedic recitation (compare quot.1885 at sense 1
, etc.) compare Sanskritplu-
to lengthen, prolate, lit. ‘to float, overflow’ (seeflow v.
) indicates only a pronunciation with stress on the second syllable.
1. trans. To utter or pronounce, esp. at length or (with reference to speech) in a verbose manner; (sometimes) spec. to lengthen or prolong the utterance of (a word, syllable, note, etc.).
1542 T. Becon Newe Pathway vnto Praier xxxiii. sig. Oij,
The wordes of S. Iohn Chrisostome, which..condemne the vnfruytefull bablynge & vayne ianglynge of wordes vaynly & causlesprolated
1601 J. Deacon & J. Walker Summarie Answere to Darel 63
[A] bare commanding word,prolated
and vttered abroad in the ayre with a vanishing sound.
1631 B. Jonson New Inne iii. i. 166 Peck
. I wish he may be found'red.Fly
1640 J. Howell Δενδρολογια 12
The other delights in long breathed accents, which heprolates
with such pauses, that before he be at a period of his sentence, one may reach a second thought.
1779 J. S. Smith Coll. Eng. Songs Pref. p. v,
A Tenor or low Voice isprolating
the Ground or plain Song.
1796 J. B. Gilchrist Gram. Hindoostanee Lang. i. 34
He can also apply what is observed here to several other letters..byprolating
them like ourd
1885 M. Monier-Williams Relig. Thought India (ed. 2) xx. 529
He prefaced his speech by repeating a hymn to Varuna..preceded by the syllable Om..prolating
the vowel in deep sonorous tones.
1959 Bull. School Oriental & Afr. Stud. 22 515
Slight traces of tonal difference remained. This was particularly at the final of a half-verse..which, in the third repetition of the first verse, wasprolated
2002 Asian Week (Nexis) 4 Sept. 22
San Francisco native Tony Robles' series of odes..found resonance, especially whenprolated
in Robles' perfect, dry pitch.
†2. trans. Theol. To bring (God the Son, or (occas.) the created world) into being as the Word of God. Cf. prolated adj. 2. Obs.
1727 J. Alexander Primitive Doctr. Christ's Divinity iii. 36
The Father of all..ought not to be number'd with the other Æons: He that was notprolated
, and self-existent, with those that wereprolated
, and begotten in time.
1873 A. Lamson Church of First Three Cent. 301
The Son..had a sort of metaphysical existence in the Father..but was either a little before the creation of the world, or, without reference to time,thrown out
, as it was expressed, and so became..a real being.
1889 J. Kaye tr. Justin Martyr First Apol. ii. 43
And this Product being trulyprolated
by the Father was one with the Father before all created things.
► indicates date of composition for this text (as opposed to date of documentary evidence). More
This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, June 2007).